About Joanna Rafalska

Joanna Rafalska is Trademark Attorney Trainee in the department of trademarks and industrial designs. She graduated from law at the Catholic University of Lublin, and completed post-graduate studies in intellectual property law at the Jagiellonian University. At Patpol, she supports the work related to obtaining and maintaining protection of trademarks and industrial designs of our clients. Contact with the author

When applying for trademark registration, do not forget about the author

Upon seeing a word or word-figurative trademark, do we wonder who really has the exclusive right to use it? The applicants are hardly ever the creators of a trademark. More frequently, a logo is purchased form a graphic designing studio or a repository of files (e.g. Shutterstock). However, such purchase does not mean the acquisition of material copyrights to the form of expression of the mark.

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